The Arabic language has 29 letters. Unlike Latin/Roman scripts, the Arabic is written from right to left but numerals are written from left to right
The letter 'alif has two forms:
(1) it represents a long vowel ا
(2) letter ء hamza as a consonant
Note: The Arabic consonants are pronounced from approximately seventeen different points. It is necessary that one should pronounce each Arabic letter correctly from its point of articulation. Several Arabic letters originate from the throat (Guttural letters) unfamiliar to an English speaking. For example, letter ﺡ خ ع and غ have no equivalent sound in the English alphabet. Furthermore, the vastness of the Arabic language, any small mistake in pronunciation of a letter or word may change the meaning of that word. For example, the word ‘Qalb’ (with q) means heart, if read ‘Kalb’ (with k), it will mean a dog.